What is Geology ? What does a Geologist do?

What is Geology?

Geology is the study of the planet earth, the material of which it is made, the processes that act on these materials, the products formed, and the history of the planet and its life forms since its origin.

Geologist… is one who is trained in and works in any of the geological sciences.

Geologists work to understand the history of our planet. The better we can understand Earth’s history the better we can foresee how events and processes of the past might influence the future.

Geologists study earth processes: Many processes such as landslides, earthquakes, floods, and volcanic eruptions can be hazardous to people. Geologists work to understand these processes well enough to avoid building important structures where they might be damaged. For instance…if geologists can prepare maps of areas that have flooded in the past they can prepare maps of areas that might be flooded in the future. These maps can be used to guide development of communities and determine where flood protection of flood insurance is needed (Taken from geology.com).

Visit geology.com for information and articles about geology.

Geology and Mine Subsidence?

I am a Geologist and my specialty is the study of mine subsidence. The Illinois statute defines “mine subsidence” as lateral or vertical ground movement caused by a failure initiated at the mine level, of man made underground mines, including, but not limited to coal mines, clay mines, limestone mines, and fluorspar mines that directly damages residences or commercial buildings.

So what is it that I do? I investigate structures that have damage and determine if mine subsidence is the cause of the damage. The investigation includes mapping damage, researching geologic maps, cross-sections, profiles, well logs, aerial photos, as well as, other historical data that might assist in analysis of mine subsidence. Investigations include the installation of geologic instrumentation, soil sampling, researching mine maps, mining records, and ground monitoring. Compile and interpret information from geologic documents, actual test results and other field studies. I prepare technical reports of findings. Assist other geologists in field investigations or surveys.

~ by Joe A. Robertson, P.G. on June 6, 2011.

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